The Planning of Emergency Seed Supply for Afghanistan in 2002 and Beyond
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Contents Findings Part I Part II Part III References Abbreviations/Glossary Appendix 1 2 3 4 5 Maps
 
Appendix 2 « previous page | next page »
 
 

Appendix 2 - Cropping Calendar in Afghanistan

Date of Planting and Harvesting
1. North (Faryab; Jawzjan, Saripol, Balkh, Samangan) : 15 Jun - 15 Jul
Crop Autumn Spring Summer Harvesting Remark
Wheat 15 Oct - 15 Nov (01 - 30) Mar   (Autumn & spring on rain-fed)  
Barley   (01 - 30) Mar   15 Jun - 15 Jul  
Rice   15 Apri - 15 May 20 Jun - Jul(Tran) 15 Sep - 15 Oct Nursery (15 Apr - 15 May)
Maize     15 Apr - 15 May 15 Aug - 15 Sep  
Pulses     15 Apr - 15 May 15 Jul - 30 Aug  
Potato   15 Apr - 15 May   15 Sep - 15 Oct  
Oil Seed   15 Mar - 15 April   (01 - 30) Sep  
Clover 15 Oct - 15 Nov (01 - 30) Apr   15 Jun - 15 Jul  
Lucerne   20 Feb - 20 Mar   Perennial  
Cotton   01Apr - 30 Apr   30th Aug to 15th October  
Melons   15 April - 15 May   15 Aug - 15 Sep  
opium poppy         V.little but increasing
2. North East a. (Badakhshan) : 25th June to 15th September
Crop Autumn Spring Summer Harvesting Remark
Wheat   20 Mar - 30Apr   15 Aug - 15 Sep  
Barley   20 Mar - 30Apr   15 Aug - 15 Sep  
Rice          
Maize   (01 - 30)May 15 Sep - 15 Oct Fodder  
Pulses   15 Apri - 15 May   15 Sep - 15 Oct (field peas, broad beans, lathyrus)
Potato   15 Apri - 15 May   15 Sep - 15 Oct (mainly white skinned)
Lucerne   15 Apri - 15 May   Perennial  
Melons 15 Apri - 15 May        
opium poppy   15 Mar - 15 April   Aug - Sep Important crop
3. North East b. (Baghlan, Kunduz, and Takhar)
Crop Autumn Spring Summer Harvesting Remark
Wheat 15 Oct - 15 Nov (01 - 30) Mar   15 Jun - 15 Jul Autumn. Spring on rainfed only
Wheat 15 Oct - 15 Nov (01 - 30) Mar   15 Jun - 15 Jul  
Barley   (01 - 30) Mar   15 Jun - 15 Jul  
Rice   15 Apri - 15 May 20 Jun - Jul(Tran) 15 Sep - 15 Oct Nursery(15 Apr - 15 May)
Maize     15 Apr - 15 May 15 Aug - 15 Sep  
Potato 15 Apr - 15 May   15 Sep - 15 Oct    
Melons   15 April - 15 May   15 Aug - 15 Sep  
opium poppy         Not common
Cotton   01Apr - 30 Apr   30 Aug to 15th October  
4. East Central (Ghor, Bamiyan also agriculturally includes north Ghazni and Wardak)
Crop Autumn Spring Summer Harvesting Remark
Wheat 01 Sep - 15 Oct (01 - 30) Apri   (01 - 30) Aug Autumn & Spring sown
Barley   (01 - 30) Apri   (01 - 30) Aug Spring sown
Rice   Apr(Nursery) 15Jun - 15Jul(Tr) October Lower Kahmard only
Maize     15 May - 15 Jun Fodder Grain & Fodder
Pulses   (01 - 30) May   September Beans
Potato   (01 - 30) Apri   15 Sep - 15 Oct Mainly white skinned
Oil Seed   (01 - 30) Apri   15 Aug - 15 Sep Mustard, sesame, linseed
Clover   15 Apr - 15 May   15 Jul - 15 Aug  
Lucerne   15 Apr - 15 May   Perennial  
Vetches   15 Apr - 15 May   September  
Melons         little in lower Kahmard
Opium poppy         no opium poppy
5. Central ( Kabul; Parwan; Kapisa; Logar; Wardak) note. North/west Wardak really part of E.Centre)
Crop Autumn Spring Summer Harvesting Remark
Wheat 15 Sep - 15 Oct 15 Mar - 15 Apr   August All Autumn sown
Barley   15Mar - 15 Apr   August All spring sown
Rice   Apr - May   September Sorobi, Kapisa
Maize   15 Apr - 15 May   September Up to 1,800 max 2,000 meters
Pulses   April   August Beans
Potato   15 Apr - 15 May   September Mainly white skinned
Oil Seed   15 Apr - 15 May   September (mustard etc)
Clover   15 Apr - 15 May   August - October  
Lucerne   15 Apr - 15 May   Perennial Perennial
Vetches   15 Apr - 15 May   September Winter forage
Vegetable(Onion)   15 Mar - 15 Apr   September Logar, Tagab
Opuim poppy   April   September Azro only (little)
6. South East (I.e. South and West of the Spingar Mountains) Pakhtia, Paktika, Khost and Ghazni)
Note: Agriculturally Ghazni is really more part of Central and E. Central
Crop Autumn Spring Summer Harvesting Remark
Wheat 15Oct - 30 Nov     15 May - 15 June All Autumn sown
Barley 15 Oct - 30 Nov     15 May - 15 June  
Rice   (15 - 30) Apri(Nur) June (transplant) November only a little in Khost & Pakhtia
Maize     June - 15 Jul October  
Pulses     (01 - 30)May September Mung in Khost, others elsewhere
Potato February     15 Apr - 15 May Nangarhar
Vegetable(Onion) September     15 Mar - 15 Apr Mainly Khost
Oil Seed 15 Oct - 30 Nov     April  
Clover 15 Sep - 15 Oct     Mar - Apr  
Lucerne 15 Sep - 15 Oct     Perennial  
Cotton 15 Jun - 15 Jul     15 Oct - Nov (domestic production only)
Melons     April 15 Jul - 30 Aug Mainly in Khost
opium poppy         No opium poppy
Sugarcane January     15 Oct - Nov Little in Khost
7. East (i.e. North of the Spingar Mountains : Kunar, Laghman, Nangarhar)
Crop Autumn Spring Summer Harvesting Remark
Wheat 15 Oct - 30 Nov     15 May - 15 June All Autumn sown
Barley 15 Oct - 30 Nov     15 May - 15 June Very little
Rice   15/30 April -nurs. June (transplant) November Mainly Kunar & Laghman
Maize     June - 15 Jul October Grain and Forage
Pulses     (01 - 30)May September Mung bean mainly
Potato February     15 Apr - 15 May Upper Nangarhar
Vegetable(Onion) September     15 Mar - 15 Apr  
Oil Seed 15 Oct - 30 Nov     April mustard, linseed, sesame
Clover 15 Sep - 15 Oct     Mar - Apr  
Lucerne 15 Sep - 15 Oct     Perennial Commercial in lower Surkhrud
Cotton     15 Jun - 15 Jul 15 Oct - Nov (domestic production only)
Melons     April 15 Jul - 30 Aug  
opium poppy 15 Oct - 30 Nov     15 April - 15 May Most important in Nangarhar
Sugarcane January     15 Oct - Nov Biannual: Lower elevations.
8. South West (Kandahar, Helmand, Zabol, Nimroz, Urozgan) (note Zabol & upper Uruzgan colder)
Crop Autumn Spring Summer Harvesting Remark
Wheat 15th Oct - 30 Dec     15 May - 15 July All Autumn sown
Barley 15 Oct - 30 Nov     1 May - 30 June Very little
Rice   15/30 April -nurs. June (transplant) November Very little in Helmand & Urozgan
Maize     01 May / 30 Jun October Grain and Forage
Pulses   01 Apr - 30 May   September Mung bean mainly
Potato Feb / March     July / Aug Upper Zabol & Uruzgan
Vegetable(Onion) September     15 Mar - 15 Apr  
Oil Seed     1 Apr - 30 Jun 1 Nov / 31 Nov mustard, sunflwr, sesame, linseed etc
Clover 15 Sep - 15 Oct     Feb - March  
Lucerne 15 Sep - 15 Oct     Perennial Commercial in lower Surkhrud
Cotton     15 Jun - 15 Jul 15 Oct -15 Nov (domestic production only)
Melons     April 15 Jul - 30 Aug  
opium poppy 15 Oct - 30 Nov     15 April - 15 May v. Important crop
Sugarcane January     15 Oct - Nov v. little in Helmand
Cumin (black)         Perennial mainly Zabol
Cumin (white)         Biannual
provided by Anthony Fitzherbert
 
 
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